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Sep 12, 2010

Present situation in India

The latest table of Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) handling/processing techniques used in different Indian cities is present at the beginning of the blog, under the blog's header. Scroll down, play around the FILTER keys option for a variety of insights about the present situation of MSW management in India.
Waste management was a house hold responsibility, but got transferred to centralized institutions due to shrinking living space and globalization. The Government of India (GOI) controls policy and regulations through Ministry of Environment and Forests (MOEF), Ministry of Urban Development (MOUD), Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) and Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB). However, it is the responsibility of city administrations (municipal corporations) to enact these regulations, acting as a link between public and the government. GOI also provides the municipal corporations with tools like guides (National Master Plan for Development of Waste-to-Energy in India) and funding through initiatives like Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JnNURM) to implement the regulations. Thus, municipalities are totally accountable to both public and the government and hold the most important role when it comes to waste management.

In wake of rapid urbanization and need for sustainable design, cities are being studied as single units. Subjects like Urban Metabolism and grand projects like Sustainable Cities are justified and are gaining importance as majority of global environmental foot print is due to city dwellers. Human wisdom suggests that the person who minds not only his belongings but also his wastes is of the utmost conscience. This could be applied to cities as individuals.

In 1994, the city of Surat took emergency solid waste management (SWM) measures through out the municipal cooporation to tackle Human plague to become the first city to implement SWM on such a scale in India. Indians generate an estimated 50 million tons of solid wastes per year.

Find out how your city treats solid waste in the Table below. If your city is not in the list, please share your knowledge and data with us using the comments section and it will be included in the list. Data in this table is from 2003 with significant data additions from as recent as 2009. I'm trying to include quantitative information instead of the qualitative "YES"/"NO" in the table below. Your input is welcome.

Click the image for better viewing


  1. Impressive efforts. A shame that the info page that led me here (which has your spreadsheet) only has 526 hits - it should be in the thousands.

  2. this was amazing work it has to be reached ..........thank you. for hospital equipment at http://www.green4care.com

  3. Hello,

    I a vegan and environment enthusiast. I try to spread the message within local community as much as possible. I highly appreciate all the work you have done so far; I have bookmarked your site and yet to go through in detail.

    At the moment, I need your opinion on something very specific. Could you kindly send me an email at krishna.shastry@gmail.com so that we can have one to one email? This is regarding an equipment regarding which I have my own doubts.




CH4 Methane
Carbon Dioxide
Government of India
INR Indian Rupee
JnNURM Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission
LFG Landfill Gas
Mechanical Biological Treatment
MSW Municipal Solid Waste
NEERI National Environmental Engineering Research Institute
Refuse Derived Fuel
SLF Sanitary Landfill
SWM Solid Waste Management
USD United States Dollar
WPs Waste Pickers
WTE Waste-to-Energy
WTERT Waste-to-Energy Research and Technology Council